Sustainability Assessment Protocol for Geothermal Utilization



 Project ID:  10-03-012
 Project Coordination:  University of Iceland
 Name of Coordinator:                     Brynhilður Daviðsdóttir
 Other Partners: ISOR
  International Geothermal Association
  Reykjavik Energy
 Duration: 3 years
 Total Project cost:  37.729.000 kr
 GEORG Funding: 18.500.000 kr
 Project Website:
 Publications / Reports: 
                  PhD position avaliable   - Download pdf -
  Project Plan:    - Download pdf 
  Annual Report Y1   - Download pdf 
  Annual Report Y2   - Download pdf - 
  Final Report:    - Download pdf 



 Project Abstract 

Sustainable utilization of geothermal energy means that it is produced and used in such a way that it is compatible with the well-being of current and future generations as clearly illustrated by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the Sustainable Energy for All Initiative.   Ensuring that energy development fulfills that role is for example done through the use of energy indicators for sustainable development that is clearly defined, measurable and scientifically sound, contain benchmarks and can be interpreted in the context of sustainable energy development. The objective of this project was to develop a Sustainability Assessment Protocol for Geothermal Utilization (GSAP), tailored especially for geothermal energy development projects.  This protocol and indicators were developed and tested in three countries, Iceland, New Zealand and Kenya. 

The main achievements of the project were:


  • The development of a full set of sustainability goals and indicators to be used for assessing geothermal developments at different stages and in different situations. These can be implemented relying on a similar process as applied to the implementation of Environmental Management Systems 
  • The development of a method that has been generalized (and already applied in different contexts), for developing sustainability indicators with stakeholder participation. 


 Project finished 2015